Print Sources

Baughman, A.J. History of Huron County Ohio. Chicago: Clarke, 1909.

Beyer, William E. The History of the Veterans Memorial Bridge. Cleveland: CSU Library, 2001.

Black River Historical Society. Lorain, Ohio (Images of America). Charleston: Arcadia, 1999.

Blower, James M. and Robert S. Korach. The N.O.T.&L. Story (CERA Bulletin 109). Chicago: CERA, 1966.

Broehl, Wayne G. Trucks, Trouble, and Triumph: The Norwalk Truck Line Company. New York: Prentice-Hall, 1954.

Brough, Lawrence A. and James H. Graebner. From Small Town to Downtown: A History of the Jewett Car Company. Bloomington: Indiana University, 2004.

Burton, Clarence M., William Stocking, Gordon K. Miller, eds. The City of Detroit, Michigan, 1701-1922, Vol. 4. Detroit: Clarke, 1922.

Canfield, Joseph M., et al. Electric Railways of Northeastern Ohio (CERA Bulletin 108). Chicago: CERA, 1965.

Carter, Robert A. The Sandusky, Mansfield & Newark Railroad. 2002.

Christiansen, Harry. New Lake Shore Electric. Lakewood: Trolley Lore, 1978.

_____. Trolley Trails Through Greater Cleveland and Northern Ohio, Vol 2. Lakewood: Trolley Lore, 1975.

Cleveland Plain Dealer. Progressive Men of Northern Ohio. Cleveland: Plain Dealer Press, 1906.

Commemorative Biographical Record of the Counties of Huron and Lorain, Ohio. Chicago: Beers, 1894.

Dalmas, James E. The du Pont Family and The Street Railway Industry. Bel Air: Shagena, 2011.

Frohman, Charles E. Milan and the Milan Canal. 1976.

_____. Sandusky's Yesterdays. Columbus: Ohio Historical Society, 1968.

Harwood, Herbert H. Jr. Invisible Giants. Bloomington: Indiana University, 2003.

_____, and Robert S. Korach. The Lake Shore Electric Story. Bloomington: Indiana University, 2000.

Herdendorf, Charles E. and Sheffield Village Historical Society. Sheffield Village (Images of America). Charleston: Arcadia, 2011.

Hilton, George W. The Night Boat. Berkeley: Howell-North, 1968.

_____, and John F. Due. The Electric Interurban Railways In America. Stanford: Stanford University, 1964.

History of The Great Lakes, Vol. 1. Chicago: Beers, 1899.

Keenan, Jack. Cincinnati & Lake Erie Railroad: Ohio's great interurban system. San Marino: Golden West, 1974.

Kennedy, James Harrison. A History of the City of Cleveland. Cleveland: Imperial, 1896.

Korach, Robert S. "Lake Shore Coach." Motor Coach Age. 48.2 (1997): 24-31. Print.

McCaleb, Willis A. "Lake Shore Electric Rolling Stock." typescript.

Men of Ohio in Nineteen Hundred. Cleveland: Benesch, 1901.

Mueller, Sandra Calvert, et. al. Memories of Crystal Beach Park, Vermilion, Ohio. Tucson: Wheatmark, 2007.

Ohio Commissioner of Railroads and Telegraphs. Annual Report. Columbus: Myers, 1902.

Patton, Thomas J. with Dennis Lamont and Albert Doane. Lake Shore Electric Railway. Charleston: Arcadia, 2009.

Peterson, Virginia, and Sally Irwin Price. Bay Village (Images of America). Charleston: Arcadia, 2007.

Picturesque Huron. Norwalk: Laning, 1896.

Rehor, John A. The Nickel Plate Story. Milwaukee: Kalmbach, 1965.

Roe, John J. Letter to Willis McCaleb on history and personnel of the Sandusky, Milan & Norwalk Ry. 16 February 1964.

Sheffield Village Historical Society. "Sheffield's Interurban Electric Railways." The Village Pioneer. 3.2 (2008): 3-6. Print.

_____. "History of Sheffield's Black River Bridges." The Village Pioneer. 3.2 (2008): 7-11. Print.

_____. "History of Lake Breeze Road." The Village Pioneer. 8.2-3 (2013): 1-31. Print.

_____. "Life and Times of Tom Loftin Johnson." The Village Pioneer. 5.3 (2010): 4-7. Print.

_____. "Peter Bungart - Sheffield's Renowned Paleontologist." The Village Pioneer. 5.3 (2010): 2-3. Print.

Strutton, L.D. "The Toledo, Norwalk & Cleveland Railroad." The Firelands Pioneer. Vol. VI (1891): 46-58. Print.

Toman, James A. and Blaine S. Hays. Horse Trails to Regional Rails. Kent: Kent State University, 1996.

Upton, Harriet Taylor History of the Western Reserve. Chicago: Lewis, 1910.

Waldron, Faye G. Berlin Heights Interurbans. Berlin Heights: Berlin Heights Historical Society, 1995.

_____. Mitiwanga & Ruggles Beach - A recollection. Unpublished typescript. 2010.

Wilkinson, William J. Letter on the history of the Sandusky, Norwalk & Mansfield Ry. 30 June 1961.

Williams, W.W. History of Erie and Huron Counties. Cleveland: Leader, 1879.

Wright, Frederick G. A Standard History of Lorain County Ohio. Chicago: Lewis, 1916.

Much information has been derived from various newspaper and trade journal articles, far too numerous to list individually. These include, but are not limited to:

  • Amherst News-Times
  • Black Swamp Trader & Firelands Gazette
  • Cleveland Plain Dealer
  • Electric Railway Journal
  • Electric Traction Weekly
  • Elyria Chronicle-Telegram
  • Elyria Reporter
  • Engineering Record
  • Erie County Reporter
  • Fremont Daily News
  • Fremont News-Messenger
  • Lorain Daily Democrat
  • Lorain Journal
  • Lorain Times-Herald
  • Norwalk Evening Herald
  • Norwalk Reflector
  • Ohio Jewish Chronicle
  • Sandusky Register
  • Sandusky Star-Journal
  • Street Railway Review
  • Westlake & Bay Village Observer
  • Vermilion News

Interviews & Correspondence

Chidester, Jane. Heidelberg Beach Association. E-mail correspondence. 2010-2011.

Eakin, Eric. Bay Village Historical Society. E-mail correspondence. 2010.

Korach, Robert. Electric railway historian. E-mail correspondence. 2011-2013.

Lamont, Dennis. LSE historian. E-mail correspondence. 2010-2016.

Sanders, Paige. Mitiwanga historian. E-mail correspondence. 2011-2012.

Vigrass, Bill. Electric railway historian. E-mail correspondence. 2011.

Waldron, Faye. Former Mitiwanga employee, formerly of the Berlin Heights Historical Society. Telephone interview. 2011.


"About Us." 103rd Ohio Volunteer Infantry. <>

"Archival Records." Heidelberg Beach Association. <>

Berger, Arnold. Eagle Street Synagogue. Cleveland Jewish History. <>

Brady, Daniel. Brady's Bunch of Lorain County Nostalgia. <>

Cleveland Memory Project. Cleveland State University Libraries. <>

Cleveland's Subway Story Told with Maps and Graphics. Urban Ohio. <,2726.0.html>

Diederich, Denise. Diederich Family Geneaology. <>

Eakin, Eric, and Gay Menning. Bay Village History. City of Bay Village. <>

Encyclopedia of Cleveland History. Case Western Reserve University. <>

Erie County Auditor. <>

Genealogy Trails. Berlin Heights. <>

Goodtime III Company History. <>

Historical Collections of the Great Lakes. Bowling Green State University. <>

The History of Norwalk. <>

Keenan, Jack. The Fight for Survival: The Cincinnati & Lake Erie and the Great Depression. Indiana Historical Society. <>

"Lake Erie's Yesterdays." Ohio Digital Resource Commons. <>

Lorain County Auditor. <>

Miller, Carol Poh. Detroit-Superior High Level Bridge. Historic American Engineering Record. <>

_____. Rocky River Bridge, A Short History. Cleveland State University. <>

"Nickel Plate Road Outings." Nickel Plate Road Historical and Technical Society. <>

Ohio Memory. <>

Ritchey, Loraine. Captain Wilford - A Hero of the Inland Seas. That Woman's Weblog. <>

_____. The Voyage of the Leo. That Woman's Weblog. <>

Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center. <>

Sheffield Village Historical Society. < Society/Historical Society.htm>

Tarrant, Richard. Vermilion Views. <>

"U.S. 6 - The Grand Army of the Republic Highway." Federal Highway Administration. <>

(Please note: Some of the websites or URL's listed above may have changed or may no longer be available.)

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