Some pages of this website contain copyrighted material which has been used without specific consent of the copyright owners, made available here for non-profit, educational purposes only under the concept of "fair use" as provided for in § 107 of the United States Copyright Law. Effort has been made to give proper credit to the copyright owners or sources of such material. If your copyrighted material appears on this website and you disagree that it constitutes "fair use", or if you believe proper credit has not been given, please contact me.

All rights are retained by the original copyright holders. Use of any copyrighted material from this website for purposes beyond "fair use" requires express permission from the copyright holder(s). No license for use of such material by others is to be implied by its inclusion on this website.

Unless otherwise stated, the text, logos, and graphics contained in this website are original works of the webmaster and may not be reproduced elsewhere without express written permission. All rights are reserved by the webmaster.

No claims to copyright ownership of photos used in this website are made unless designated by the caption "Drew Penfield Photo." Many of the photos used in these pages are in the public domain and not subject to copyright. As a courtesy, effort has been made to give proper credit to the photographer, individual or group that contributed the photo, or other source(s) of the photos (i.e. website author, library, etc.)

Unless stated otherwise, inclusion of materials from, or links to other organizations does not imply any official association between this website, its webmaster, and those organizations.


Some digital restoration techniques have been applied to some photos, such as filters to sharpen focus, contrast, etc., or "cloning out" defects or damage to the original photo. The subject matter of photos has not otherwise been digitally manipulated. Historical and factual accuracy are important to me, however, no guarantees can be made due to the limitations of available historical records and source materials.


This website does not use cookies, nor does it collect any information on visitors nor share visitor information with third parties, nor send unsolicited emails to those who visit the site. Communications submitted through the email form on the contact page are considered private and not to be shared publicly, but information may be shared with third parties for the purposes of further historical research. Privacy and/or anonymity cannot be guaranteed and the webmaster disclaims all responsibility in the event of security/data breeches or any misuse of information/communications by others.

If you have any questions, comments, or concerns regarding these policies, please contact me.

Thank you,
Drew Penfield

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